Letter | Published:

Effect of Upper Atmosphere Wind on the Rotation of Satellite 1958δ1


CHANGES in the rotation of 1958δ1 (Sputnik 3 rocket) can apparently be explained by, and give additional evidence of, strong westerly wind in the upper atmosphere. According to Merson, King-Hele and Plimmer1 such air-flow, accompanying the Earth's rotation, accounts for observed effects in the movement of the orbital planes of satellites.

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  1. 1

    Merson, R. H., King-Hele, D. G., and Plimmer, R. N. A., Nature, 183, 239 (1959).

  2. 2

    Carr, P. H., Stewart, R. M., and Senne, J. H., Amer. J. Phys., 28 (1), 64 (1960).

  3. 3

    Esipova, M. I., and Zverev, M. S., Astr. Sovet an SSSR., B, 4, 12 (1959). (R.A.E. Farnborough Lib. Trans. 842.)

  4. 4

    King-Hele, D. G., and Walker, D. M. C., Nature, 182, 860 (1958).

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