Letter | Published:

Salt Intake, Adrenocortical Function and Hypertension


A RECENT communication1 proposed that the high levels of salt consumption current in modern societies were beneficial since the salt stimulated adrenal cortical function and thereby set in motion various adaptive mechanisms that make the individual more responsive to the stresses of modern living. Space does not permit examination of whether modern living actually has more stresses than a primitive life: one American anthropologist, Prof. G. P. Murdock of Yale University, several years ago2 expressed strong doubts that such was the case.

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    Kaunitz, H., Nature, 178, 1141 (1956).

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    Dahl, L. K., and Love, R. A., Amer. Med. Assoc. Arch. Int. Med., 94, 525 (1954).

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    Allen, F. M., “Treatment of Kidney Diseases and High Blood Pressure” (Morristown, New Jersey, 1925).

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    Jenkins, D., Forsham, P. H., Laidlaw, J. C., Reddy, W. J., and Thorn, G. W., Amer. J. Med., 18, 3 (1955).

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    Meneely, G. R., Tucker, R. G., Darby, W. J., and Auerbach, S. H., J. Exp. Med., 98, 71 (1953).

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    (a) Dahl, L. K., and Love, R. A., Fed. Proc., 13, 426 (1954); (b) 15, 513 (1956); (c) J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 164, 397 (1957). (d) Dahl, L. K., Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. and Med., 94, 23 (1957).

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    Saunders, G. M., and Bancroft, H., Amer. Heart J., 23, 410 (1942).

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    Schroeder, H., “Hypertensive Diseases” (Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1953).

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    Fukada, T. J., Med. Soc. of Chiba (in Japanese), 29, 490 (1954).

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    Malnutrition and Nutrition Activities in Japan”, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Japanese Government, Tokyo (1956).

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    Dahl, L. K., J. Clin. Nutr. (in the press).

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