Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Responses of Cerianthus to Stimulation


THE neuromuscular activities of the Anthozoa have been studied extensively as examples of the working of the ‘elementary nervous system’1,2. Most of the information in this field comes from the sea anemones, the order Actinaria, sessile animals which exhibit basic patterns of slow periodic activity together with certain quick protective responses. The latter are facilitated responses in which single electrical stimuli are ineffective; responses occur only to the second and subsequent stimuli of a series within a limited frequency-range3.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Parker, G. H., “The Elementary Nervous System” (J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1919).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  2. Pantin, C. F. A., Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 140, 147 (1952).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Pantin, C. F. A., J. Exp. Biol., 12, 119 (1935).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Torelli, B., Pubbl. Staz. Zool. Napoli, 12, 1 (1932).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

ROSS, D. Responses of Cerianthus to Stimulation. Nature 180, 1368–1369 (1957).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing