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Relation of Leuco-anthocyanins to Anthocyanin Synthesis


AMONG the herbaceous plants which Bate-Smith and Lerner1 have recently found to contain leuco-anthocyanins were Impatiens noli-tangere and I. parviflora of the Balsaminaceae. We have been investigating the genetic control of anthocyanin pigmentation in Impatiens balsamina, which has been reported previously to produce glycosides of pelargonidin, peonidin and malvidin2. In the course of these studies we have obtained evidence that the leuco-anthocyanins may serve as precursors for the anthocyanin pigments. In view of current interest in the leuco-anthocyanins, this aspect of the work is presented here.

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  1. 1

    Bate-Smith, E. C., J. Exp. Bot., 4, 1 (1953).; Biochem. J., 58, 122 (1954). Bate-Smith, E. C., and Lerner, N. H., Biochem. J., 58, 126 (1954).

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    Beale, G. H., Price, J. R., and Sturgess, V. C., Proc. Roy. Soc., B, 130, 113 (1941). Hayashi, K., Abe, Y., Noguchi, T., and Susushino, K., Pharm. Bull., 1, 130 (1953). Forsyth, W. G. C., and Simmonds, N. W., Proc. Roy. Soc., B, 142, 549 (1954).

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    Bate-Smith, E. C., Symp. Biochem. Soc., No. 3, 62 (1949).

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    Robinson, G. M., and Robinson, R., Biochem. J., 25, 1687 (1931).

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    Simmonds, N. W., Nature, 173, 402 (1954).

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