Letter | Published:

Scintillation Techniques for the Detection of Natural Radiocarbon

Naturevolume 175pages10421043 (1955) | Download Citation

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Abstract

THE development of liquid scintillators of high pulse-height efficiency has made possible a new technique for the determination of natural radiocarbon. If the carbon content of the sample can be incorporated into a liquid scintillator, a detector of high sensitivity and excellent geometry is inherently present, and the detector volume is reduced considerably in comparison with that of the screen-wall counter1, thus lowering the background counting-rate. The synthesis of a suitable compound which can function directly as solvent or diluent is necessary for this method.

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References

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    Libby, W. F., “Radiocarbon Dating” (Univ. Chicago Press, Ill., 1952).

  2. 2

    Pringle, R. W., Funt, B. L., Black, L. D., and Sobering, S., Phys. Rev., 92, 1582 (1953). Hayes, F. N., and Gould, R. G., Science, 117, 480 (1953).

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    Dauben, W. G., Reid, J. C., and Yankwich, P. E., Anal. Chem., 19, 828 (1947).

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    Nystrom, R. F., and Brown, W. G., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 69, 2548 (1947).

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    Johnson, J. E., Blizzard, R. H., and Carhart, A. W., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 70, 3664 (1948).

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    Arnold, J. R., Science, 119, 155 (1954).

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    Crathorn, A. R., Nature, 172, 632 (1953).

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    Pringle, R. W., Turchinetz, W., and Funt, B. L., Rev. Sci. Instr. (in the press).

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of chemistry

    • B. L. FUNT
    •  & S. SOBERING
  2. Department of Physics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg

    • R. W. PRINGLE
    •  & W. TURCHINETZ

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https://doi.org/10.1038/1751042a0

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