Solar Tides in the Lower Stratosphere

Abstract

WHILE methods of representing the 100-mb. wind field were under investigation, diurnal and semidiurnal variations were detected in winds observed at the 100-mb. level from British upper air stations. These periodic variations of wind appear to be associated with the atmospheric solar tides. 100-mb. wind observations are particularly suitable for study in connexion with tidal oscillations, since, at least between latitudes 30° N. and 60° N., the synoptic variations of wind are considerably smaller at that level than in the upper troposphere. The lower stratosphere is also free from the smaller-scale effects which may mask tidal wind variations occurring in the lower troposphere.

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    Wilkes, M. V., “Oscillations of the Earth's Atmosphere” (Camb. Univ. Press, 1949).

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JOHNSON, D. Solar Tides in the Lower Stratosphere. Nature 174, 363–364 (1954) doi:10.1038/174363a0

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