Case Report | Published:

Pulmonary enterovirus infections in stem cell transplant recipients

Bone Marrow Transplantation volume 23, pages 511513 (1999) | Download Citation



In recent years, it has been recognised that the community respiratory viruses are a frequent cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in immunocompromised hosts such as bone marrow transplant recipients. By contrast, infections by non-polio enteroviruses have rarely been reported after stem cell transplantation. We present four cases of acute respiratory illness with enterovirus isolated as the sole pathogen from bronchoalveolar lavage. All four patients developed pneumonia and three died of progressive pneumonia, which reflects the severity of this complication. We conclude that enteroviral pulmonary infections may be a cause of severe pneumonia in immunocompromised hosts.

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    • R Martino

    Correspondence: Dr R Martino, Servei d’Hematologia Clínica, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Av Sant Antoni Ma Claret, 167, 08025 Barcelona, Spain


  1. Clinical Hematology Division, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain

    • Y González
    • , R Martino
    • , A Sureda
    • , S Brunet
    •  & J Sierra
  2. Department of Pediatrics, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain

    • I Badell
    •  & N Pardo
  3. Department of Microbiology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain

    • N Rabella


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