Acute Leukaemia

Autologous bone marrow transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in Italy

Abstract

From January 1984 to December 1994, ABMT was performed on 154 children (101 males, 53 females; median age 10, range 3–21 years) with ALL and registered for BMT by the AIEOP (Italian Association of Paediatric Haemato-Oncology). All patients were in CR: 98 were in 2nd CR and 56 were in >2nd CR. Fifteen children (9.7%) died of transplant-related mortality. Ninety-five patients (61.6%) relapsed at a median of 5 (range 1–42) months after ABMT. The 8-year EFS according to pre-BMT status was 34.6% (s.e. 4.9) for 2nd CR patients and 10.6% (s.e. 5.6) for patients in >2nd CR. By univariate analysis, site of relapse (isolated extramedullary (IE) vs BM: EFS = 68.5% vs 18.2%; P < 0.0001) and tbi containing regimen (tbi vs no TBI: EFS = 48.1 vs 15.4%; P = 0.0023) were significant factors for 2nd CR patients. When the 2nd CR subset with BM involvement was analysed, TBI became insignificant (EFS = 25.4 vs 11.8%). No factors influenced EFS in patients in >2nd CR. By multivariate analysis, site of relapse was the only significant factor in 2nd CR patients (P < 0.0001). in conclusion, abmt is an effective treatment after one early ie relapse. few patients can be rescued after bm relapse.

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Keywords

  • childhood ALL
  • ABMT
  • BM relapse
  • isolated extramedullary relapse

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