Miscellaneous Complications

Changes in hemostatic parameters in hepatic veno-occlusive disease following bone marrow transplantation

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Abstract

Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a major complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Its prediction, diagnosis and treatment remain unclear. Examination was made of changes in hemostatic parameters in patients with or without VOD after BMT. Twenty-seven children were studied following BMT. Eight of them developed VOD. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), thrombomodulin (TM), von Willebrand factor (vWF), factor VII, fibrinogen (FBG), FDP, D-dimer ( D-D), plasminogen (PLG), thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT), α2-plasmin inhibitor/plasmin complex (PIC), antithrombin III (AT-III), protein C, N-terminal propeptide for type III procollagen (P-III-P), were measured weekly from pre-BMT to day 28 after BMT. In VOD patients, t-PA and PAI-1 significantly increased (P <0.05) and FBG significantly fell during the post-transplant period (P <0.05). Significantly low AT-III and PLG were also noted before VOD (P <0.05). There were no changes in other hemostatic parameters. t-PA, PAI-1 and FBG would thus appear useful markers for the diagnosis of VOD, and AT-III and PLG, predictive markers for VOD. The coagulation-fibrinolysis system following endothelial cell damage may contribute to the onset of VOD.

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Park, Y., Yasui, M., Yoshimoto, T. et al. Changes in hemostatic parameters in hepatic veno-occlusive disease following bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant 19, 915–920 (1997) doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1700760

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Keywords

  • BMT
  • VOD
  • hemostatic parameters

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