Letter | Published:

Mango: its Allopolyploid Nature

Naturevolume 166pages196197 (1950) | Download Citation



THE mango, a favourite tropical fruit, which is widely cultivated in India, belongs to the Malaysian genus Mangifera Linn. (fam. Anacardiaceæ). Taxonomic study1 shows that it contains forty-one valid species, three of which, M. indica L. (wild and cultivated), M. sylvatica Roxb. (wild in the hilly forests of north-east India), and M. khasiana Pierre (a species of doubtful occurrence) have been reported from India. About a thousand cultivated varieties of mango occur in India, all of which are included in the single species, M. indica L. They differ from one another mainly in fruit characters, on the basis of which they have been classified into three groups: round-, ovate-oblong-, and long-fruited2. The morphology of the innumerable varieties shows a gradual, continuous change in their characters, intergrading in range.

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  1. 1

    Mukherjee, S. K., Lloydia, 12, 73 (1949).

  2. 2

    Mukherjee, S. K., Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal, 2, 101 (1948).

  3. 3

    Maheswari, P., Curr. Sci., 3, 97 (1934).

  4. 4

    Roy, B., Science and Culture, 5, 196 (1939).

  5. 5

    Darlington, C. D., and Ammal, E. K. J., “Chromosome Atlas of Cultivated Plants” (1945).

  6. 6

    Semmens, C. S., and Bhaduri, P. N., Stain Tech., 14, 1 (1939).

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  1. Botany Department, University, Delhi



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