Letter | Published:

Helium II Transfer on Metal Surfaces

Naturevolume 166pages2728 (1950) | Download Citation



ONE of the most striking features of the film flow in liquid helium II is provided by the fact that the rate of transfer seems to be largely independent of the experimental conditions1. It was thought for some time that the rate was influenced by the geometrical shape of the transfer vessel, or by a temperature gradient in the film2, or by small amounts of thermal radiation3. However, recent experiments by R. Bowers and one of us4 have demonstrated that the real cause for these changes in the transfer-rate was a contamination of the solid surface over which the transfer took place with a thin layer of solid air. It was also found that contamination with solid hydrogen and solid neon produced similar effects.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Daunt, J. G., and Mendelssohn, K., Proc. Roy. Soc., A, 170, 423 (1939).

  2. 2

    Atkins, K. R., Nature, 161, 925 (1948).

  3. 3

    de Haas, W. J., and van der Berg, G. J., Rev. Mod. Phys., 21, 524 (1949).

  4. 4

    Bowers, R., and Mendelssohn, K., Nature, 163, 870 (1949).

  5. 5

    Daunt, J. G., and Mendelssohn, K., J. Sci. Instr., 25, 318 (1948).

Download references

Author information


  1. Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford

    •  & G. K. WHITE


  1. Search for K. MENDELSSOHN in:

  2. Search for G. K. WHITE in:

About this article

Publication history

Issue Date




By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.