Antibacterial Action of Curcumin and Related Compounds


INVESTIGATIONS by A. R. Todd1, H. Rinderknecht2, W. B. Geiger3 and others have shown that many unsaturated ketones with the grouping —C = C—CO—, also present in a number of naturally occurring antibiotics, possess antibacterial action. In our studies on unsaturated ketones, we found that chalkone, flavanone, flavone and some of their derivatives, for example, buteine (2,4,3',4'-tetrahydroxychalkone). a substance of vegetable origin, showed a marked inhibition of the growth of Staph. aureus. Also extracts of plants containing flavanones, flavones or flavonoles were found to be bacteriostatic4. Furthermore, we have prepared a number of synthetic chalkones of which some compounds suppressed the growth at high dilutions.

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SCHRAUFSTÄTTER, E., BERNT, H. Antibacterial Action of Curcumin and Related Compounds. Nature 164, 456–457 (1949).

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