Men, Managers and Machines

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    IN his monograph "Scientific Management" (Monographs on Higher Management, No. 9, Department of Industrial Administration, Manchester Municipal College of Technology ; May 1948), Mr. G. Chelioti urges that the essence of management is the art of getting things done through the agency of other human beings, and that management itself is incapable of becoming a science. He regards science as the foundation and the provider of the tools of industry, and the technician as the primary seryant of science in industry ; but he points out that the technician cannot manage human beings by means of his technology and that the manager dealing with a technical problem becomes a technologist for the time being. In urging this clear separation of the two functions of dealing with human beings and with technical problems or machines, Mr. Chelioti maintains that the undue domination of industry in the nineteenth century by the new element of modern technology, and the failure to regard industry as the servant of humanity and to consider sufficiently the human beings employed, was responsible for the revolt of the human spirit against subordination to the machine which we are still experiencing in spite of a more enlightened managerial outlook. Mr. Chelioti also reminds us that the current attitude of society was at least as much responsible for the revolt as the contemporary employers or managers, and his words should be carefully weighed in the discussion of the question of human relations in industry to-day.

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    Men, Managers and Machines. Nature 163, 715 (1949) doi:10.1038/163715b0

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