Ecology of Sponges

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THE statement has often been made that sponges can be found growing almost up to high-tide mark. As a result of close observation over miles of shore in a dozen different localities on the south and west coasts of Britain during the past twelve months, I have no hesitation in saying that only exceptionally are sponges found above mid-tide level. Even then, the most to be seen are a few undersized specimens of Hymeniacidon perlevis (= H. sanguinea Auctt.) in damp sheltered crevices protected from swirl and direct sunlight; and these are no more than a foot above mid-tide.

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BURTON, M. Ecology of Sponges. Nature 162, 73–74 (1948) doi:10.1038/162073c0

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