Nature Protection in Great Britain


The concept that Nature cannot look after itself and needs protection from the ravages of man in the interests of man is comparatively modern. The problem arose only when the increasing use of coal, the invention of steam power, and the consequent entry into the industrial age led to a large expansion of the population and its concentration into particular areas, as happened in Great Britain. The reservation of small tracts to prevent the extermination of rare plants is no novelty; in Switzerland certain plants, one being the edelweiss, have been protected in this way for a long time. The idea, however, that a whole region should be kept inviolate for all time from exploitation and development, for the benefit of the people, is comparatively recent.


  1. 1.

    The Report of the National Parks Committee. Cmd. 3851. (London H.M. Stationery Office, 1931.)

  2. 2.

    Report of the Committee on Land Utilisation in Rural Areas. Cmd. 6378. (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1942.)

  3. 3.

    Memorandum No. 1. (London: Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves, 1941; second edition, 1942.)

  4. 4.

    Nature Conservation in Great Britain, No. 3. (London: âœSociety for the Promotion of Nature Reservesâ 1943; second edition, 1945.)

  5. 5.

    National Geological Reserves in England and Wales, No. 5. (London: Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves, 1945: second edition, 1946.)

  6. 6.

    National Nature Reserves and Conservation Areas in England and Wales. No. 6. (London: Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves, 1945.)

  7. 7.

    Memorandum on Wild Life Conservation and Ecological Research from the National Standpoint; Nature Conservation and Nature, Reserves. (London: Cambridge University Press, 1943.)

  8. 8.

    National Parks in England and Wales. Cmd. 6628. (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1945.)

  9. 9.

    Ministry of Town and Country Planning. Report of the National Parks Committee (England and Wales). Cmd. 7121. Pp. ii + 144. (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1947.) 4s. 6d. net.

  10. 10.

    Ministry of Town and Country Planning. Conservation of Nature in England and Wales. Report of the Wild-Life Conservation Special Committee (England and Wales). Pp. v + 139. Cmd. 7122. (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1947.) 4s. net.

  11. 11.

    National Parks: a Scottish Survey. Cmd. 6631. (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1945.)

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