Table 3 Multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) in baseline data for the outcome variables overweight and obesity compared to normal weight (BMI<25)

From: Whole-grain consumption, dietary fibre intake and body mass index in the Netherlands cohort study

Increment per unit increase in intake Overweight (BMI25) Obesity (BMI30)
  OR a 95% CI OR a 95% CI
Men
 All grain (g day−1)b 0.98** 0.97, 0.99 0.90** 0.83, 0.97
 Whole grain (g day−1)c 0.98** 0.96, 0.99 0.90* 0.84, 0.98
 Total brown bread (10 g day−1)d 0.99 0.98, 1.01 1.00 0.97, 1.03
 Fibre (g day−1) 0.98** 0.96, 0.99 0.97 0.92, 1.01
 Fibre density (g MJ−1) 0.84** 0.73, 0.96 0.81 0.55, 1.19
 Fibre from grain (g day−1) 0.98** 0.96, 0.99 0.97 0.92, 1.02
 Fibre density from grain (g MJ−1) 0.82** 0.70, 0.95 0.80 0.52, 1.25
Women
 All grain (g day−1)b 0.98** 0.97, 0.99 0.97* 0.94, 1.00
 Whole grain (g day−1)c 0.98** 0.96, 0.99 0.96* 0.93, 0.99
 Total brown bread (10 g d−1)d 1.01 0.99, 1.03 1.04** 1.01, 1.07
 Fibre (g day−1) 1.01 0.99, 1.03 1.04* 1.00, 1.08
 Fibre density (g MJ−1) 1.06 0.92, 1.22 1.26 1.00, 1.60
 Fibre from grain (g day−1) 1.00 0.97, 1.02 1.03 0.98, 1.07
 Fibre density from grain (g MJ−1) 1.00 0.85, 1.17 1.25 0.95, 1.64
  1. Abbreviation: BMI, body mass index.
  2. aAdjusted for age, energy intake, intake of animal protein, education, smoking status, number of cigarettes and consumption of fruit and vegetables.
  3. bAll grain=bran, germs, muesli, porridge, brown rice and cooked grains (expressed as dry weight).
  4. cWhole grain=All grain without bran and germs.
  5. Total brown bread=sum of brown, whole-meal and rye bread.
  6. *P<0.05, **P<0.01.