Table 4: Fasting blood samples and blood pressure in the three-meal (3M, n=49) and 3+3 meal (3+3M, n=44) groups of completers at baseline and after 1 year of treatment

From: Should snacks be recommended in obesity treatment? a 1-year randomized clinical trial

 Baseline1 yearChangeP-value
P-glucose (mmol/l)
 3M5.4±0.65.3±0.6−0.16±0.46*NS
 3+3M5.4±0.85.0±0.5−0.33±0.78** 
     
S-insulin (mU/l)
 3M18.8±13.114.6±8.4−4.0±11.0*NS
 3+3M18.6±12.515.3±7.9−3.4±10.3* 
     
S-cholesterol (mmol/l)
 3M5.4±0.95.3±1.0−0.11±0.59NS
 3+3M5.3±0.95.1±0.9−0.16±0.64 
     
S-HDL (mmol/l)
 3M1.3±0.31.4±0.3+0.1±0.21**0.033
 3+3M1.4±0.31.4±0.3+0.02±0.15 
     
S-LDL (mmol/l)
 3M3.4±0.83.3±0.8−0.10±0.50NS
 3+3M3.3±0.83.2±0.8−0.08±0.60 
     
S-TG (mmol/l)
 3M1.8±1.01.6±1.0−0.17±0.88NS
 3+3M1.6±0.61.4±0.6−0.23±0.58** 
     
Systolic BP (mm Hg)
 3M127±15125±16−3.3±11.3*NS
 3+3M131±16128±16−4.0±12.7* 
     
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)
 3M83±981±10−2.4±10.3NS
 3+3M84±1081±10−2.3±9.9 
  1. Abbreviations: BP, blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; NS, not significant; P, plasma; S, serum; TG, triglycerides.
  2. Mean values±s.d. are presented.
  3. Significant difference from baseline within group *P<0.05, **P<0.01.