Table 1: Baseline characteristics for the two groups; three meals (3M) and three meals+three snacks (3+3M) in 140 patients included in the study and in 93 patients who completed the study

From: Should snacks be recommended in obesity treatment? a 1-year randomized clinical trial

CharacteristicAll 3M (n=70)All 3+3M (n=70)Completers 3M (n=49)Completers 3+3M (n=44)
Gender (M/F)18/5218/5211/3816/28
Age (year)38.7±11.640.1±11.540.6±11.141.8±11.0
Weight (kg)113.0±18.6112.6±21.5113.9±19.8118.2±23.0
Height (m)1.72±0.11.71±0.11.71±0.11.73±0.1
BMI (kg/m2)38.3±5.338.4±6.038.8±5.839.4±6.5
     
Circumference measure (cm)
 Waist117.0±11.7115.7±12.8117.5±12.0118.0±13.6
 Hip125.2±11.6123.4±11.6125.6±12.8124.9±13.0
     
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
 Systolic127.1±15.2129.7±16.5127.5±15.2131.2±16.4
 Diastolic82.8±9.081.9±10.583.3±9.383.8±9.8
     
Blood analysis
 P-glucose (mmol/l)5.4±0.65.4±0.95.4±0.65.4±0.8
 S-insulin (mU/L)18.5±11.617.7±11.418.8±13.118.6±12.5
 S-cholesterol (mmol/l)5.3±0.95.2±0.95.4±0.95.3±0.9
 S-HDL (mmol/l)1.4±0.41.4±0.31.3±0.31.4±0.3
 S-LDL (mmol/l)3.3±0.83.2±0.83.4±0.83.3±0.8
 S-triglycerides (mmol/l)1.8±1.01.6±0.61.8±1.01.6±0.6
  1. Abbreviations: F, female; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; M, male; P, plasma; S, serum.
  2. Mean values±s.d. are presented.