Table 3: Influence of long-term pre- and/or probiotic administration on faecal β-glucuronidase and β-glucosidase enzyme activity (mg product formed/g faeces/h), total FO and FDW in groups 1, 2 and 3

From: Effect of dietary intervention with different pre- and probiotics on intestinal bacterial enzyme activities

 EnzymeBaselineTreatmenta
   Period 1Period 2Period 3
Group 1β-Glucuronidase0.84±0.320.47±0.28b0.73±0.200.77±0.28
 β-Glucosidase0.97±0.650.98±0.480.85±0.460.89±0.62
 FDW (%)26.62±6.1225.37±9.2025.96±7.4422.39±6.90
 FO (g/72 h)234±98196±79241±119199±67
      
Group 2β-Glucuronidase0.61±0.310.45±0.200.56±0.250.59±0.33
 β-Glucosidase0.99±0.780.99±0.871.12±0.790.88±0.49
 FDW (%)24.60±4.5221.90±6.7125.64±3.1623.58±5.42
 FO (g/72 h)387±138387±138305±87381±233
      
Group 3β-Glucuronidase0.63±0.160.53±0.310.49±0.390.65±0.22
 β-Glucosidase1.23±0.641.15±0.780.93±0.541.03±0.60
 FDW (%)22.78±4.5622.69±6.2420.36±4.9323.39±5.34
 FO (g/72 h)334±137377±107337±177291±170
  1. Abbreviations: FDW, faecal dry weight; FO, faecal output; s.d., standard deviation.
  2. Mean±s.d., Wilcoxon test, α=0.05.
  3. aGroups 1 and 2: period 1: prebiotic lactulose; period 2: placebo; period 3: probiotic S. boulardii. Group 3: period 1: prebiotic lactulose; period 2: synbiotic lactulose+S. boulardii; period 3: probiotic S. boulardii.
  4. bSignificantly different from baseline: P=0.007.