Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

A comparison of effects of fish and beef protein on satiety in normal weight men

Abstract

Background:

Previous studies have indicated that fish protein may have a greater effect on satiety compared to other protein sources of animal origin.

Objective:

To compare the effects of fish protein and beef protein meals on hunger and satiety.

Design:

Twenty-three normal non-smoking, healthy males aged 20–32 years, body mass index 22.5±1.8 (s.d.) kg/m2 participated in a study, with within-subjects design and 1 week between test days. In the morning of the test days, subjects received a standardized breakfast. Four hours after breakfast, subjects were served an iso-energetic protein-rich (40 energy % protein) lunch meal, consisting of either a fish protein dish or a beef protein dish. Four hours after the start of the lunch meals, an ad libitum standardized evening meal was served and the intake of food was measured. Appetite was rated by visual analogue scales (VAS) immediately before and after the meals, as well as every hour between the meals. After the evening meal until bedtime, subjects were asked to record in detail foods and drinks consumed.

Results:

The repeated VAS-ratings of hunger, satiety and prospective consumption were modelled in a random effects model, taking pre-lunch VAS-ratings into account. After the fish meal, the point estimates were lower for hunger (−2±4.8), higher for satiety (8.7±6.0) and lower for prospective consumption (−4.9±4.7), but they did not reach statistical significance (Psatiety=0.88; Phunger=0.15; Pprospective=0.30). However, the energy intake at the evening meal displayed significant differences with subjects eating less after the fish protein lunch (2765 vs 3080 KJ, P<0.01) without feeling less satiated. No later energy compensation after the evening meal was found on the test day.

Conclusion:

Although no significant differences in VAS-ratings of satiety or hunger were detected, subjects displayed an 11% reduction in energy intake at the subsequent evening meal.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3

References

  • Barkeling B, Rossner S, Sjoberg A 1995. Methodological studies on single meal food intake characteristics in normal weight and obese men and women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 19, 284–290.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • De Graaf C, De Jong LS, Lambers AC 1999. Palatability affects satiation but not satiety. Physiol Behav 66, 681–688.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Eisenstein J, Roberts SB, Dallal G, Saltzman E 2002. High-protein weight-loss diets: are they safe and do they work? A review of the experimental and epidemiologic data. Nutr Rev 60, 189–200.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hall WL, Millward DJ, Long SJ, Morgan LM 2003. Casein and whey exert different effects on plasma amino acid profiles, gastrointestinal hormone secretion and appetite. Br J Nutr 89, 239–248.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Holt SH, Miller JC, Petocz P, Farmakalidis E 1995. A satiety index of common foods. Eur J Clin Nutr 49, 675–690.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Karlsson J, Persson LO, Sjostrom L, Sullivan M 2000. Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women. Results from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 1715–1725.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rogers PJ, Blundell JE 1990. Umami and appetite: effects of monosodium glutamate on hunger and food intake in human subjects. Physiol Behav 48, 801–804.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sorensen LB, Moller P, Flint A, Martens M, Raben A 2003. Effect of sensory perception of foods on appetite and food intake: a review of studies on humans. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 1152–1166.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Uhe AM, Collier GR, O'Dea K 1992. A comparison of the effects of beef, chicken and fish protein on satiety and amino acid profiles in lean male subjects. J Nutr 122, 467–472.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Warwick ZS, Hall WG, Pappas TN, Schiffman SS 1993. Taste and smell sensations enhance the satiating effect of both a high-carbohydrate and a high-fat meal in humans. Physiol Behav 53, 553–563.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Westerterp-Plantenga MS 2003. The significance of protein in food intake and body weight regulation. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 6, 635–638.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yeomans MR, Caton S, Hetherington MM 2003. Alcohol and food intake. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 6, 639–644.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S Rössner.

Additional information

Guarantor: S Rössner.

Contributors: BB and SR designed the study. SB designed and cooked the test meals. BB and SB recruited subjects and collected data. ATP and MN conducted the statistical analyses. BB wrote the initial manuscript draft, assisted by SR. None of the authors had any personal or financial conflicts of interest with regard to the study.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Borzoei, S., Neovius, M., Barkeling, B. et al. A comparison of effects of fish and beef protein on satiety in normal weight men. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 897–902 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602397

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602397

Keywords

  • appetite
  • beef
  • energy intake
  • fish
  • protein
  • satiety

This article is cited by

Search

Quick links