Table 3 Odds ratio of obesity, overweight and underweight in Bolivian women by demographic and social characteristics after adjustment for the effects of other variables

From: Changes in the nutritional status of Bolivian women 1994–1998: demographic and social predictors

  Obesity a Overweight b Underweight c
  OR (95.0% CI) P-value OR (95.0% CI) P-value OR (95.0% CI) P-value
Geographical region   0.001   NS   0.042
High plateau (reference) 1     1  
Low lands 1.60 (1.23–2.06) <0.001    1.57 (0.90–2.74) 0.11
Valleys 1.47 (1.12–1.92) 0.005    0.65 (0.33–1.30) 0.22
Locality       
Urban (reference) 1   1    
Rural 0.44 (0.33–0.58) <0.001 0.81 (0.69–0.95) 0.01   NS
Educational level   <0.001   NS   NS
No education (reference) 1      
Primary 3.38 (2.03–5.66) <0.001     
Secondary 2.98 (1.71–5.18) <0.001     
Higher education 1.79 (0.92–3.49) 0.09     
Age (y) d 1.03 (1.01–1.06) 0.003 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 0.08   NS
Total number of children e 1.08 (1.02–1.14) 0.001 1.08 (1.04–1.12) <0.001 0.83 (0.74–0.94) 0.004
Language spoken at home   <0.001     NS
Spanish (reference) 1   1    
Aymara 0.43 (0.23–0.81) 0.009 1.20 (0.92–1.50) 0.02   
Quechua 0.66 (0.44–0.98) 0.04 0.81 (0.70–0.99) 0.04   
Other (Guarani, foreign) 2.4 (1.27–4.50) 0.007 0.80 (0.47–1.36) 0.42   
Year of survey       
Survey 1994 (reference)    1   1  
Survey 1998   NS 1.54 (1.35–1.76) <0.001 0.35 (0.20–0.60) <0.001
  1. aThe Hosmer and Lemeshow Goodness-of-Fit-test—obesity: P=0.772 implying that the model fits the data at an acceptable level.
  2. bThe Hosmer and Lemeshow Goodness-of-Fit-test—overweight: P=0.412 implying that the model fits the data at an acceptable level.
  3. cThe Hosmer and Lemeshow Goodness-of-Fit-test—underweight: P=0.177 implying that the model fits the data at an acceptable level.
  4. dIncrement for age: 1 y.
  5. eIncrement for total number of children: one child.
  6. NS: not significant.