Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Relative validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire versus 28 day weighed diet records in Japanese female dietitians

Abstract

Objective: To assess the relative validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ) against 28 day weighed diet records (WDRs).

Subjects and methods: The SQFFQ was administered to 106 (21 male and 85 female) Japanese dietitians in Aichi Prefecture in autumn, 1996 and four-season consecutive 7 day WDRs were carried out during 1996–1997. We evaluated validity of intakes of 15 foods and 31 macro- and micro-nutrients based on the SQFFQ against those according to 28 day WDRs among 79 Japanese female dietitians.

Results: Mean daily intakes of selected foods and nutrients determined by the SQFFQ were generally equivalent to those measured by 28 day WDRs. Pearson's de-attenuated correlation coefficients (CCs) with log-transformation and energy-adjustment between intakes of selected foods and nutrients quantified by the SQFFQ and 28 day WDRs (minimum–median–maximum) ranged from 0.17 (beverages)–0.52 to 0.74 (rice), and Spearman's rank CCs with energy-adjustment ranged from 0.28 (confectionery)–0.42 to 0.68 (rice). Respective Pearson's CCs for intakes of nutrients were 0.28 (PUFAs)–0.51 to 0.73 (magnesium), and Spearman's rank CCs ranged from 0.23 (n-3 PUFAs)–0.45 to 0.71 (magnesium). Favorably higher agreement for intakes of foods/nutrients was achieved along with lower disagreement.

Conclusions: Satisfactorily higher relative validity was attained in Japanese female dietitians with the SQFFQ. This calibrated questionnaire seems therefore appropriate for administration to Japanese dietitians to clarify associations between diet and health/disease.

Sponsorship: A grant-in-aid from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture (06454242).

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001) 55, 735–742

References

  1. Beaton GH, Milner J, McGuire V, Feather TE & Little JA (1983) Source of variance in 24-hour dietary recall data: implications for nutrition study design and interpretation. Carbohydrate sources, vitamins and minerals Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37 986–995

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bohlscheid-Thomas S, Hoting I, Boeing H & Wahrendorf J (1997a) Reproducibility and relative validity of food group intake in a food frequency questionnaire developed for the German part of the EPIC project Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S59–S70

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bohlscheid-Thomas S, Hoting I, Boeing H & Wahrendorf J (1997b) Reproducibility and relative validity of energy and macronutrient intake of a food frequency questionnaire developed for the German part of the EPIC project Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S71–S81

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Bonifacj C, Gerber M, Scali J & Daures JP (1997) Comparison of dietary assessment methods in a Southern French population: use of weighed records, estimated-diet records and a food-frequency questionnaire Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 51 217–231

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Cohen J (1968) Weighted kappa: nominal scale agreement with provision for scaled disagreement or partial credit Psychol. Bull. 70 213–220

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Egami I, Wakai K, Kato K, Lin Y, Kawamura T, Tamakoshi A, Aoki R, Kojima M, Nakayama T, Wada M & Ohno Y (1999) A simple food frequency questionnaire for Japanese diet. Part II. Reproducibility and validity for nutrient intakes J. Epidemiol. 9 227–234

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. EPIC Group of Spain (1997a) Relative validity and reproducibility of a diet history questionnaire in Spain. I. Foods Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S91–S99

    Google Scholar 

  8. EPIC Group of Spain (1997b) Relative validity and reproducibility of a diet history questionnaire in Spain. II. Nutrients Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S100–S109

    Google Scholar 

  9. Fleiss JL (1973) Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions New York: John Wiley

    Google Scholar 

  10. Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt PA, Brants HAM, van't Veer P, Al M, Sturmans F & Hermus RJJ (1994) Validation of a dietary questionnaire used in a large-scale prospective cohort study on diet and cancer Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 48 253–265

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Imaeda N, Tokudome Y, Fujiwara N, Nagaya T, Kamae M, Tsunekawa S, Sato, N, Tokizane M, Koide Y, Miyai Y, Maki S & Tokudome S (2000) Data checking and standardization in a weighed food dietary record survey Jpn. J. Nutr. 58 67–76

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Katagiri A, Hashimoto S, Ohashi Y, Shirogane K, Sakamoto N & Makimoto S (1998) Reproducibility and validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 45 1127–1136 (in Japanese)

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Liu K, Stamler J, Dyer A, McKeever J & McKeever P (1978) Statistical methods to assess and minimize the role of intra-individual variability in obscuring the relationship between dietary lipids and serum cholesterol J. Chron. Dis. 31 399–418

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Margetts BM & Nelson M, (1991) Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology Oxford: Oxford University Press

    Google Scholar 

  15. Ocké MC, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Goddijn HE, Jansen A, Pols MA, van Staveren WA & Kromhout D (1997a) The Dutch EPIC food frequency questionnaire. I. Description of the questionnaire, and relative validity and reproducibility for food groups Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S37–S48

    Google Scholar 

  16. Ocké MC, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Pols MA, Smit HA, van Staveren WA & Kromhout D (1997b) The Dutch EPIC food frequency questionnaire. II. Relative validity and reproducibility for nutrients Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S49–S58

    Google Scholar 

  17. Pietinen P, Hartman AM, Haapa E, Räsänen L, Haapakoski J, Palmgren J, Albanes D, Virtamo J & Huttunen JK (1988) Reproducibility and validity of dietary assessment instruments. I. A self-administered food use questionnaire with a portion size picture booklet Am. J. Epidemiol. 128 655–666

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Pisani P, Faggiano F, Krogh V, Palli D, Vineis P & Berrino F (1997) Relative validity and reproducibility of a food frequency dietary questionnaire for use in the Italian EPIC centres Int. J. Epidemiol. 26(Suppl 1) S152–S160

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Rothmann KJ & Greenland S (1998) Modern Epidemiology, 2nd edn. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven

    Google Scholar 

  20. Sasaki S, Yanagibori R & Tsugane S (1998) Self-administered diet history questionnaire developed for health education: a relative validation of the test-version by comparison with 3-day diet record in women J. Epidemiol. 8 203–215

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Science and Technology Agency, Japan (1983) Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan. 4th edn. Tokyo: Ministry of Finance (in Japanese).

  22. Science and Technology Agency, Japan (1994) Follow-up of Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan Tokyo: Ishiyaku Shuppan (in Japanese).

  23. Takatsuka N, Kawakami N, Kawai K, Okamoto Y, Ishiwata K & Shimizu H (1996) Validation of recalled food intake in the past in a Japanese population J. Epidemiol. 6 9–13

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Tokudome S, Ikeda M, Imaeda N, Tokudome Y, Kitagawa I & Fujiwara N (1998) Development of data-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for dietary studies in middle-aged Japanese Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol. 28 679–687

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. van Liere MJ, Lucas F, Clavel F, Slimani N & Villeminot S (1997) Relative validity and reproducibility of a French dietary history questionnaire Int. J. Epidemiol. 26 (Suppl 1), S128–S136

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Wakai K, Egami I, Kato K, Lin Y, Kawamura T, Tamakoshi A, Aoki R, Kojima M, Nakayama T, Wada M & Ohno Y (1999) A simple food frequency questionnaire for Japanese diet. Part I. Development of the questionnaire, and reproducibility and validity for food groups J. Epidemiol. 9 216–226

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Willett W (1998) Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd edn. New York: Oxford University Press

    Book  Google Scholar 

  28. WCRF/AICR (1997) Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective Washington, DC: World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the participants and working staff of the Aichi Prefectural Dietetics Association for their participation in this study, and Ms Y Kubo, Ms Ito and Dr MA Moore for their technical and language assistance in preparing this manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S Tokudome.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tokudome, S., Imaeda, N., Tokudome, Y. et al. Relative validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire versus 28 day weighed diet records in Japanese female dietitians. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 735–742 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601215

Download citation

Keywords

  • Japanese female dietitians
  • relative validity/calibration
  • semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire
  • weighed diet records

Further reading

Search

Quick links