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A stearic acid-rich diet improves thrombogenic and atherogenic risk factor profiles in healthy males

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether healthy males who consumed increased amounts of dietary stearic acid compared with increased dietary palmitic acid exhibited any changes in their platelet aggregability, platelet fatty acid profiles, platelet morphology, or haemostatic factors.

Design: A randomized cross-over dietary intervention.

Subjects and interventions: Thirteen free-living healthy males consumed two experimental diets for 4 weeks with a 7 week washout between the two dietary periods. The diets consisted of 30% of energy as fat (66% of which was the treatment fat) providing 6.6% of energy as stearic acid (diet S) or 7.8% of energy as palmitic acid (diet P). On days 0 and 28 of each dietary period, blood samples were collected and anthropometric and physiological measurements were recorded.

Results: Stearic acid was increased significantly in platelet phospholipids on diet S (by 22%), while on diet P palmitic acid levels in platelet phospholipids also increased significantly (8%). Mean platelet volume, coagulation factor FVII activity and plasma lipid concentrations were significantly decreased on diet S, while platelet aggregation was significantly increased on diet P.

Conclusion: Results from this study indicate that stearic acid (19 g/day) in the diet has beneficial effects on thrombogenic and atherogenic risk factors in males. The food industry might wish to consider the enrichment of foods with stearic acid in place of palmitic acid and trans fatty acids.

Sponsorship: Grant from Meat Research Corporation, Australia and margarines donated by Meadow Lea Foods Ltd, Australia.

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001) 55, 88–96

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Guarantor: AJ Sinclair.

Contributors: FDK, AJS, NJM and AHT initiated the study. FDK prepared the drafts of the paper, did dietary analysis, collected data, helped in laboratory assays and did the statistical analysis. AJS selected the study site, supervised the project and secured the funding. LA and DL helped in laboratory assays. All authors contributed to the drafts of the paper.

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Correspondence to AJ Sinclair.

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Kelly, F., Sinclair, A., Mann, N. et al. A stearic acid-rich diet improves thrombogenic and atherogenic risk factor profiles in healthy males. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 88–96 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601122

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Keywords

  • stearic acid
  • palmitic acid
  • platelets
  • fatty acids
  • haemostatic factors
  • lipoproteins
  • platelet aggregation
  • mean platelet volume

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