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Forestry in China

Nature volume 158, pages 700701 (16 November 1946) | Download Citation



IN Ada Brev Sinensia (No. 11; 1945) some interesting intion is given on Chinese forests and forest, a subject upon which all too little is in Europe. Abstracts are given from papgrs forthcoming books on half a dozen aspects of forestry procedure, analyses of the forest, ex-tracwion, etc., with a note on the Forest Products Laboratory. The report on a survey of the forest resources of China for railway sleepers proposed in south-west China records investigations in the five provinces of west Sikong, south Szechuan, south-east Kweichow, north Kwangsi and south Hunan. Several forests hitherto unknown were explored for the first time. Among the more important of these are the evergreen forests of Loochen in the region between the provinces of Kweichow and Kwangsi, and the mixed forest at the upper part of Kien Shao Ho, south-east Kweichow. The lumber markets at Yaan, Hokiang, Kweiling and Hengyang were also investigated with reference to their possible supplies to the railways. In a preliminary study of Chinese forests and timbers (to be published shortly in English) the forests are discussed under the five divisions: (1) the Manchurian Forest, (2) the northwest, (3) the south-west, (4) the Nanling, and (5) the southern hardwoods forest. In Part 2 an enumeration of the most important and commonest Chinese timbers is given, a most interesting item; among others are Chinese fir, pine, spruce, larch, Chinese cedar, hemlock, oaks, birch, maple, poplar, schima, red gum, walnut, Chinese mahogany, beech, elm, ash, basswood, red alder, “other common softwoods and hardwoods”, whatever that means; and others with native names only. A map shows Chinese forest regions, and a table of estimated forest resources and lumber markets is included.

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