EGYPTIAN men of science have for some time felt the need for establishing an academy of sciences in Cairo. So far the bulk of research work carried out in Egypt has been published in foreign journals or communicated to learned societies abroad. Although the Institut d'Egypte was founded in 1859 (reviving an older institute founded by Napoleon) and counts among its four sections one for Physical and Mathematical Sciences and another for Medicine, Agronomy and Natural History, its main tendency remained literary and artistic. Thus we find Osman Ghaleb Pasha (1845-1920), the biologist, publishing his work on the migrations of Filaria rytipleurites in the Comptes rendus of the Paris Academy in 1878. Previously Mahmoud El Falaki Pasha (1830-85), the astronomer and physicist, published his work on terrestrial magnetism in the Comptes rendus of the Paris Academy (1856) and the Mémoires couronés et mémoires des Savants étrangers of the Belgian Academy (1856).
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PASHA, A. THE EGYPTIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Nature 157, 573 (1946). https://doi.org/10.1038/157573a0