I. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS:
MUCH was said during the recent debate in the House of Commons on economic affairs and man-power as to the importance of efficient management in order that we may achieve the maximum increase in production in Britain. It may be true that in some sections of industry there is room for a more progressive attitude towards new plant and machinery, towards research, and towards special training for management ; but even industries which are outstanding in their encouragement of research have provided no exception to the general falling off in output per man-hour. Neither the adoption of more scientific methods of production, nor a large expansion of scientific and industrial research, will of itself raise the rate of production to the high level necessitated by the present state of affairs. Even to secure the full advantage of mechanization involves not merely good management, but also the understanding and support of the operatives.
Industrial Relations in Conditions of Full Employment. By Prof. H. S. Kirkaldy . Pp. 26. (London: Cambridge University Press, 1945.) 1s. 6d. net.
Small and Big Business: Economic Problems of the Size of Firms. By Joseph Steindl . (Institute of Statistics, Monograph No. 1.) Pp. v+66. (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1945.) 7s. 6d. net.