THE essential feature of the new Bill dealing with Colonial development, which should be of interest to administrators, scientific men and technologists, and all who are concerned with the welfare and advancement of the British Colonial possessions, is that it represents a notable extension of the Colonial Development and Welfare Act of 1940. The extension concerns both the annual provision of funds and the period over which they will be available. Put briefly, whereas the Act of 1940 made available a sum of £5,000,000 per annum for development and £500,000 per annum for research, until 1951, the new Act makes available, unless "Parliament otherwise determines", a sum of £120,000,000 for all purposes during the period 1946–56. A commendable elasticity, which all who are responsible for new schemes whether of research or development will appreciate, is a feature of the new enactment. Thus it is explicitly stated that no time limit is imposed on schemes of research and investigation and up to £1,000,000 can be spent on such schemes in any one year. For all purposes, up to £17,500,000 may be expended in any one year.