DR. J. S. WEINER has been appointed to the readership in physical anthropology at the University of Oxford. Before the War he was engaged in a study of the physiological characteristics of the Bantu people, with special reference to heat tolerance and vitamin C nutrition. More recently he has been concerned with war-time problems of acclimatization. Dr. Weiner's appointment marks a new orientation in the development of physical anthropology in Great Britain. While in the past the subject has been mainly confined to the statistical study of purely morphological variations in skeletal dimensions, its future development is likely to be concerned with such practical problems as racial variations in physiological efficiency.