PROF. ERIC ASHBY, professor of botany in the University of Sydney, has been appointed scientific attaché, with rank of counsellor, to the Australian Legation in Moscow, for about a year. Prof. Ashby's appointment has been made in order to establish contact with leaders of science in the U.S.S.R., and particularly with those working on problems of mutual interest to that country and Australia. Since Prof. Ashby's appointment to the chair at Sydney in 1938, he has established himself in Australia as a first-class man of science and organizer. He was chairman of the Australian National Research Council during 1940–42 and is honorary scientific adviser to the Australian Department of War Organization and to the Scientific Liaison Bureau. He is well acquainted with the scientific resources of Australia, for in 1942 he carried out a survey of them for the Prime Minister. In his own botanical researches he has made a special study of crop development. Therefore it is clear that the Australian Government has made a very wise choice for its first scientific attaché to the U.S.S.R. Prof. Ashby is now staying in Britain for a short time, before proceeding to Moscow. It is possible to get in touch with him by communicating with the Editors of Nature.