Town and Country Planning in Britain


    BULLETIN NO. 4 of the Tory Reform Committee deals with "Government Policy for the Rebuilding of Urban Areas" as set forth in the Town and Country Planning Act, of which it gives a concise exposition. Development in Great Britain has hitherto been haphazard, uneconomical and unplanned for five reasons. The planning authorities have always been too small and there has been no central machinery co-ordinating local schemes in accordance with a national policy. Any planning authority inclined to take a less parochial view met financial difficulties resulting from its small size. Urban authorities were similarly penalized if they sought to make an enlightened dispersal of their population, because this meant handing rateable value to neighbouring authorities. Again, just where dispersal was most needed, land values rose sharply in proportion to the need for using the land. Compulsory acquisition by an authority was made slow, difficult and costly by the old piecemeal procedure.

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