THE Asiatic Review of October contains an interesting article by Bay Nuzhet Baba on the public health effort and social assistance in Turkey. The central authority in charge of health and social assistance is the Ministry of Health arid Social Assistance. Free treatment of the sick, campaigns against epidemics and diseases, especially malaria, trachoma, typhoid fever and dysentery, all fall within the sphere of activity of the Ministry. To the Ministry also are entrusted the supervision of maternity homes, hospitals and sanatoria. In order to emphasize the importance of medical examination of school children, dental care, vaccination against small-pox, inoculations, etc., the Ministry has drawn up regulations whereby municipalities are obliged to provide such services free of charge. Museums have been established and exhibitions arranged to propagate hygienic principles, and posters and pamphlets are distributed to the villages and displayed in public places.