MR. GANGULY'S observations, which are in complete accord with those of several other workers on the subject1, can scarcely be said to refute the idea of energy transfers in crystals. Solid naphthacene fluoresces with its characteristic band emission, though rather faintly; when dissolved in solid anthracene it also fluoresces, as Mr. Ganguly notes, if illuminated by light which is directly absorbed by naphthacene molecules (4350–4000 A.). The vital question in the matter of energy transfer is what happens when shorter-wave light is used. If the mercury line at 3650 A. is used for excitation, the green fluorescence of naphthacene is visible in solid solutions containing only one molecule of naphthacene in 105 molecules of anthracene; at 1 in 104 this green fluorescence is strong, and above about 5 in 104 the green is brilliant while the violet anthracene fluorescence has disappeared. At 3650 A. anthracene absorbs much more strongly than naphthacene; the extinction coefficients in liquid solution are 1600 and 400 respectively, so that unless the ratio of extinction coefficients changes by a factor of about 104 in passing from solution to solid, the light must be absorbed by the anthracene molecules.
For example, Dufraisse and Horclois, Bull. Soc. Chim., 1888 (1936).
Clar, Ber., 65, 503 (1932).
Franck and Teller, J. Chem. Physics, 6, 861 (1938).
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BOWEN, E. Fluorescence Spectra of Naphthacene Molecules in Solid Solution of Anthracene with the Variation of Wave-lengths. Nature 153, 653 (1944). https://doi.org/10.1038/153653a0
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