Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Sir James Ivory, F. R. S. (1765-1842)


JAMES IVORY, the Scottish mathematician who died at Hampstead a hundred years ago on September 21, had the distinction of being among the first to introduce into Great Britain those methods of mathematical analysis which, from the time of Leibniz and the Bernouillis, had been gradually developed on the Continent. The only mathematical appointment he held was that of professor of mathematics at the Royal Military College then housed at Marlow, in Buckinghamshire. This post he held from his thirty-ninth to his fifty-fourth year. The son of a Dundee watchmaker, he was born in 1765, studied for six years at St. Andrews and Edinburgh and was then, in 1786, appointed a teacher in a school at Dundee. In 1789 he abandoned teaching to become partner in a flax mill, and it was on the dissolution of the partnership in 1804 that he came to Marlow. He gained a wide reputation for his mathematical and astronomical papers in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. He received several medals, including the Copley Medal of the Royal Society, and with several other men of science was knighted in 1831. He was a corresponding member of the Paris Academy of Science.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sir James Ivory, F. R. S. (1765-1842). Nature 150, 342 (1942).

Download citation


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing