THE March issue of the Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana contains a survey by Dr. Pedro Aguirre Cerda, president of Chile, on the present state of public health in the Republic. Since the end of 1939 the country has been free from epidemic disease with the exception of one or two sporadic cases of typhus. Whereas, in 1938, 70 percent of the conscripts serving in America contracted malaria, in 1940, there was not a single case. Special attention has been given to maternal and child welfare, and it is hoped that the present high infant mortality will be considerably reduced in two or three years. A scheme of medical attention is being planned to provide for mothers from the onset of pregnancy and for children from birth until they are able to work. The acute housing problem is being solved by providing hygienic and comfortable homes for workers at a low cost. Popular restaurants served approximately 2,000,000 meals to 1,000,000 persons in 1939, and 4,000,000 meals to 1,200,000 in 1940 ; 5,000,000 pesos have been allocated to aid deserted mothers and children as well as other handicapped persons.