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Diseases and War

Nature volume 149, page 606 (30 May 1942) | Download Citation



THE April issue of the Quarterly Review contains an interesting article on this subject by Major Frederic Evans, who discusses the problems of an army so far as the maintenance of health is concerned. He classifies the diseases which it is important to prevent in the following nine groups: (1) louse-borne diseases, which consist of typhus fever, trench fever and relapsing fever, (2) mosquito-borne diseases, namely, malaria and yellow fever, (3) diseases caused by sandflies in hot regions, such as sandfly fever, oriental sore and probably kala-azar, (4) excremental diseases, namely, typhoid, paratyphoid, cholera, dysentery and infectious diarrhoea, (5) diseases due to droplet infection, such as cerebr-spinal fever, diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, smallpox, influenza and pulmonary tuberculosis, (6) venereal diseases and skin diseases, especially scabies, (7) diseases caused by environmental conditions, namely, heat stroke, frostbite and trench foot, and (8) food deficiency diseases, such as scurvy, beriberi and night-blindness. In conclusion, Major Evans emphasizes the importance of the medical officer training his sanitary duty squad as thoroughly as he trains his stretcher bearers and medical orderlies.

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