PROF. AUGUSTO MURRI, one of the most celebrated Italian physicians of recent times, was born at Fermo on September 8, 1841. He studied medicine at Camerino and Florence, where he qualified in 1864. After receiving post–graduate instruction in Paris, Berlin and Vienna, he returned to Italy, and after a period of private practice became assistant to Baccelli in the medical clinic at Bologna in 1871. Five years later he succeeded Baccelli as professor of medicine, and in spite of many tempting invitations from other Italian universities he remained at Bologna until the retiring age of seventy–five in 1916. His principal publications were devoted to the regulation of temperature, the theory of fever, the Cheyne–Stokes phenomenon, hasmoglobinuria from cold, tumours of the cerebellum, clinical lectures, medico–legal reports, organotherapy and glandular insufficiency. In 1912 he was the recipient of a Festschrift. Selections from his works were published by Gnudi and Vedrani in 1919. He died at the advanced age of ninety–one, and on the day of his burial the city of Bologna founded an Augusto Murri prize in medicine.