THE third annual report of the Director of the Meteorological Service of the Government of Iraq, which covers the year ending March 31, 1939, shows that, owing to the difficulty of obtaining the necessary staff, the basic organization of the Service had not been completed by that date. For example, although new offices were available at Nasiriya and Diwaniya, no staff was available to man them. At the headquarters station at Baghdad, continuous records of wind, temperature, humidity and rainfall were maintained and were analysed and published in the Monthly Weather Report. Upper winds were measured three times a day, and the results appeared in the I.C.A.N. summaries published by the Meteorological Office, London, up to December 1938. After that month they were published in Iraq together with similar summaries obtained from stations maintained by the Air Ministry, Meteorological Service, Habbaniya.