WITH the exception of Anegada, Santa Cruz, and part of Virgin Gorda, the Virgin Islands are hilly and rugged. There is in most cases a long narrow backbone rising to about 1,000 ft. with numerous lateral spurs sloping steeply to the sea. Owing to centuries of cultivation and charcoal burning, there is no virgin forest. The predominant vegetation is dense secondary bush in various stages of seral development. Many of the hills are stark naked, while others exhibit a sparse retrogressive xerophytic vegetation.
Earle, K. W., “The Geology of the British Virgin Islands”, Geol. Mag., 61, No. 722 (August 1924).
Hardy, F., “Notes on the Geology and Soils of the British West Indies”, Imp. Coll. Trop. Agric, Trinidad (1938).
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SQUIRE, F. Influence of the Geology of the Virgin Islands on Local Agricultural Practices. Nature 145, 71 (1940). https://doi.org/10.1038/145071a0