A PRELIMINARY account of the discovery of skeletal remains of Neanderthal man in Central Asia is given by Dr. Aleš Hrdlička through the Smithsonian Institution of Washington. The remains—the skull of a child, with the lower jaw and all the teeth, and some of the bones of the skeleton in a fragmentary state—were found by Dr. A. Nokladnikov in a cave of the Gissar Mountains of Siberia. The discovery is of special importance, as not only is this the first example of Neanderthal man to be recorded from Central Asia, but it is also the farthest extension of the type eastward hitherto known. With the exception of the finds in Palestine, all previous specimens have been found in Europe. Dr. Hrdlička, who has had an opportunity of examining the material while on a visit to Siberia recently, regards it as one of the most important discoveries in anthropology of the last two decades, and further as lending support to his view that there is an overlap in skull pattern between Sinanthropus and Neanderthal man.