A BROADSHEET issued by Political and Economic Planning (P E P) reviews the present position of the joint industrial councils and their development from the Whitley Committee in 1916. During 1918–21, National Whitley Councils were established in 80 industries but afterwards a number of joint industrial councils collapsed or became moribund. By 1924 there were more than 30 trade boards and more than 50 Whitley Councils in existence but only three new national councils were set up between 1921 and 1930. Although the General Strike of 1926 emphasized the need for a more constructive relation between management and labour, and the Mond-Turner conferences assisted to break down old suspicions and frictions, the position between 1928 and 1934 was stationary. In the last few years, the basic ideas of industrial democracy, industrial organization and standing committees have gained support, and machinery for their implementation has been consolidated. Since 1933, new trade boards have been established in four industries, as well as a form of district organization, with statutory application of agreements, in road transport, while negotiations are proceeding for the improvement of conditions in retail trades by co-operative methods.