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Lord Rutherford: His Life and Influence on Chemistry

Nature volume 143, pages 651652 (15 April 1939) | Download Citation



SIR HENRY TIZARD delivered the first Rutherford Memorial Lecture of the Chemical Society on March 29. He began by referring to Rutherford's early life at Cambridge, where he came in 1895 from New Zealand with an 1851 Exhibition. Continuing work on the detection of electrical waves which he had begun in New Zealand, Rutherford was able within a year to receive signals at a distance of half-a-mile; this work was described and demonstrated at the meeting of the British Association in 1896. The discovery, however, of X-rays and of the radioactivity of uranium shortly after his arrival at Cambridge determined his life's work, and he became associated with J. J. Thomson in work on the ioniza-tion of gases by X-rays and on the electrical conduction caused by uranium radiation.

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