LOCAL education authorities will, next year, be called upon to consider applications for exemption from compulsory school attendance of children between fourteen and fifteen years of age and to determine in each case whether the employment proposed will be “beneficial” to the child. The Board of Education has suggested to local authorities, among other measures for qualifying themselves for determining these difficult questions, the requirement of a school report indicating the child's good, average and weak subjects and information regarding manual or domestic training received, and a medical report expressing the doctor's opinion as to the types of occupation unsuitable for the child—hence a widespread stimulation of interest in the principles and practice of vocational guidance, a subject in which there has been a large amount of research in America. The United States Office of Education, with the assistance of the National Occupational Conference, has prepared bibliographies of current literature in this field and recently published a “Guidance Bibliography” (Bulletin No. 37. Washington, D.C.: Supt. of Documents. 10 cents), an annotated list of 442 books, pamphlets and periodical references classified under the headings: elementary schools, secondary schools, colleges, adult and out-of-school youth, and techniques and procedures. Information as to careers is published monthly by the National Occupational Conference in an “Occupational Index”.