THE first number of the Australian Journal of Science has recently been issued. This journal is published by the Australian National Research Council under the auspices of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, and six numbers will appear each year. Scientific work in Australia has developed greatly in recent years, and the need for a means of publishing short advance summaries of research has become more and more apparent. The new journal is designed to satisfy this need and also, in line with other well-known scientific journals, to publish reviews, news and views, reports of proceedings of various scientific institutes and correspondence. The first number now to hand augurs well for the success of the project. The substance of the inaugural lecture by Prof. Eric Ashby, newly appointed professor of botany in the University of Sydney, on “The Place of Biology in Australian Education” is purposely provocative and should be read with interest and profit by all biologists, but especially by those responsible in some way or another for the teaching of biology in Australia. Sir Douglas Mawson has an interesting short article on research in the antarctic. Australian Science Abstracts are in future to be incorporated in the Australian Journal of Science as a supplement. Subscription for the Journal is 12s. for one year. Further information can be obtained from the Australian National Research Council, Science House, 157-161 Gloucester Street, Sydney, N.S.W.