THE nineteenth annual report, for 1937, of the Council of the Institution of Professional Civil Servants refers to the spectacular increase in membership from 9,076 in 1935 to 13,896 at the end of 1937. Activities of the Institution during the year were directed largely to obtaining improvements in the salary scales of its members. Despite the multiplicity of grades and salaries, considerable success has been achieved both by negotiation and by arbitration. The common scale possessed by certain architectural surveying and civil engineering grades in the Civil Service enabled the Institution to secure improved salary scales by central discussion, and acceptance of the Institution's proposals for the simplification of grades and salaries of the professional, scientific and technical classes in the Civil Service which were submitted to the Tomlin Commission would greatly reduce the task of negotiation and lighten the work of the departmental establishment officers. The Institution has also participated in the work of the National Whitley Council, and the report includes a full account of discussions on the increased cost of living. It has also taken part in the consideration of problems involved in the reorganization of the Post Office through its Post Office Committee, and the Post Office Engineering and Stores Departmental Whitley Council. Preliminary consideration is also being given to the adequacy of the Carpenter scheme in view of the magnitude and rapidity of developments in scientific establishments since the publication of the Carpenter Report in 1930.