IN May 1937 the Health Committee of the League of Nations decided to organize a sixth meeting of the directors of institutes and schools of hygiene in Europe. These periodic meetings consider the studies carried out by the institutes as co-ordinated by the Health Organisation and the future programme of activity. At their meeting last November, the directors agreed that the institutes represented should undertake studies on health indexes, enteric fever, brucellosis, the incidence of tuberculosis and methods of tuberculosis control and nutrition in rural areas. The studies are to be co-ordinated by the Health Committee, and technical meetings of representatives of the institutes concerned have been organized by the Committee in preparation for the European Conference on Rural Life, the Preparatory Commission of which has commenced its labours. M. A. Wauters, the Belgian Minister of Health, who was elected president of the Commission, stressed the value of the scientific work it was undertaking independently of the international situation. Particular questions which are being examined by the Commission with a view to inclusion in the agenda of the Conference are: the problem of raising the standard of living; the development of agricultural credits; the results of the inquiry on nutrition; the study of housing problems; medical equipment in rural districts; physical education; and the combating of certain diseases which have particularly serious consequences in rural districts. The Preparatory Commission includes a certain number of persons who have undertaken responsible work for their Governments in rural life.