Logic and Probability in Physics*


IN choosing a theme for my address I was in some difficulty. The main subjects of present interest in physics, the nucleus of the atom, cosmic rays, and the phenomena at deep temperatures, are being dealt with in the discussions of our Section, so that they would be excluded even apart from the fact that I cannot speak on them with authority. It would have been possible for me to choose a narrower subject, but I could not feel that this would have possessed the general interest that such an occasion demands, and so with some trepidation I am venturing on an even wider theme and am going to touch on the philosophy of our subject. This is a dangerous thing to do for one who has never made more than the most superficial study of pure philosophy, but still I do not apologize for it, because it appears to me that recent scientific history has revealed a deep schism between the professional philosophers and the scientists, and this schism is worthy of examination.

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DARWIN, C. Logic and Probability in Physics*. Nature 142, 381–384 (1938). https://doi.org/10.1038/142381a0

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