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Education in 1932–1934 in the United States

Nature volume 141, page 1134 (25 June 1938) | Download Citation



THE United States Office of Education has recently published its “Biennial Survey of Education 1932-1934” (Washington: Government Printing Office. Pp. 1222. Price 1.10 dollars). The effects of the economic depression, which touched its lowest point in 1932, are reflected in many of the statistical tables. The total aggregate income for education from kindergarten upwards in 1933-34 was about 2,604 million dollars, of which huge sum more than five sixths represent income of publicly controlled institutions. Compared with the corresponding figures for 1931-32, there was a decrease of 15·5 per cent, and compared with those for 1929-30 a decrease of 22·6 per cent. It is noteworthy that the decrease was twice as heavy in privately controlled as in publicly controlled institutions from 1932 to 1934, although it had been much lighter in the preceding biennium. Statistics of university enrolments which had risen continuously for many years showed a sharp drop after 1932. It is estimated that the percentage of boys and girls who on completion of their secondary school education entered a university or other institution for further education was in 1933 about 26. This is a high figure compared with the corresponding percentage in Great Britain, but it is low compared with the average percentage (44) of the years 1921-1929 in the United States.

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