Electrical Accidents and their Causes


    IN a pamphlet issued by the Home Office (London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1937, 6d.) and written by H. W. Swann, H.M. Inspector of Factories, a report of electrical accidents for the year 1936 is given. The report deals not only with accidents that have actually occurred but also with the large-scale methods for preventing danger and damage which have been discussed with the electrical industry. The total number of fatal accidents reported, 112, is satisfactorily small, and comparing it with previous years it indicates no marked variation from a steady mean. The variations in the numbers reflect the periods of industrial activity and depression. It is noted that there has been an increase in the number of accidents to male persons less than twenty-one years of age during the last five years. A feature of the electrical accidents is the large percentage (55 per cent) in which the injury was due to burns alone. Joining of metal by arc welding is rapidly becoming popular. Practically all the welding accidents (57) are cases of conjunctivitis (eye-flash) and none of them was fatal. Stress is very properly laid on the provision of suitable goggles for workers liable to be exposed to radiations from the arcs.

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    Electrical Accidents and their Causes. Nature 140, 887–888 (1937). https://doi.org/10.1038/140887d0

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