IN his presidential address as chairman of the Department of Forestry of Section K (Botany) at the meeting of the British Association at Nottingham, the Hon. Nigel Orde-Powlett took as his subject "The Present and Future of Estate Woodlands". Mr. Orde-Powlett first dealt with the value of the existing private woods to Great Britain during the Great War, pointing out that although the Forestry Commission is now planting on some scale, its area under forest is only one eighth of the nominal woodland area of the country, the remainder being privately owned. It is therefore a matter of vital national urgency that it should be made possible for owners to institute a wise forest policy on their estates. There is also the social aspect of the problem—the drift from country to town. This is due to many causes, but Mr. Orde-Powlett holds the opinion that woodlands afford employment which is congenial, and that well-managed woods can afford to give adequate pay to the staff maintained. Since the majority of the private woodlands are not run on business lines they are under-staffed. If properly run, many thousands of additional men could be employed, with an increase of small-holders—and the forest worker forms the best type of small-holder.