News | Published:

North Pole Station

Nature volume 140, page 765 (30 October 1937) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

NEWS from the Soviet North Pole Expedition is given by the Soviet Union Year Book Press Service. It would appear that the floating station is drifting southward towards north-east Greenland. This was to be expected from what is known of the general trend of Arctic currents. Under wind action there are easterly or westerly deviations from this main, direction. The drift to the south has averaged 2 · 35 miles a day since the establishment of the station, and the speed is increasing as the East Greenland Current is approached. During the first month the drift to the south was 84 miles and during the fourth month it was 95 miles. A sounding in the vicinity of the Pole showed a depth of 2,346 fathoms, and it is unlikely that much greater depths occur in the Arctic Sea. The intermediate warm layer of water which Nansen discovered north of Spitsbergen and explained as being saline Atlantic water has been found near the Pole at depths between 12 and 30 fathoms. At a depth of 36 fathoms the water temperature was found to be almost zero, with a steady fall with increasing depth to –0·67 ° C. at the bottom. It is of interest to note that the inner parts of the Arctic Sea in the vicinity of the Pole are rich in plankton and have much larger animal life. The floes are even and flat. The smooth floes were, of course, reported by Peary, and did much to facilitate his march to the Pole.

About this article

Publication history

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/140765a0

Authors

    Comments

    By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

    Newsletter Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing